Botulinum toxin therapy is used in the treatment of a variety of neurological disorders. Botulinum toxin treatment is used to prevent the release of acetylcholine from terminal nerve endings, causing temporary muscle paralysis. The effects of the botulinum toxin last around three months. The injections are done under electromyography (EMG) or ultrasound guidance.

For a number of common neurological disorders, botulinum toxin injections are often the first line of treatment. At Austin Neuromuscular Center, we use botulinum toxin therapy for disorders that include:

Cervical Dystonia

This chronic neurological disorder is characterized by uncontrolled contractions of neck muscles, and sometimes limbs. It typically presents without triggering factors. Those affected by cervical dystonia often complain of pain and abnormal posture.

Focal Dystonia (Limb Dystonia)

This is a neurological condition that affects a muscle, or group of muscles, in a specific part of the body causing involuntary muscular contractions and abnormal postures, such as writer’s cramp.

Hemifacial Spasms/Blepharospasms

This disorder is characterized by involuntary spasms of facial muscles. There is usually no specific cause, but a work-up at our clinic will be needed to evaluate the integrity of the facial nerves.

Limb Spasticity

Caused by a variety of neurological issues, including stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord issues, this disorder causes muscle stiffness and involuntary spasms. If these symptoms are severe enough, they can interfere with your daily life. This is when botulinum toxin therapy is typically necessary.

Salivary Gland Injections for Silarrohea

Excessive salivation is caused by a variety of neurological disorders, such as ALS, Parkinson’s disease, and cerebral palsy. Botulinum toxin therapy is a safe treatment that causes minimal adverse effects.

Spasmodic Dysphonia (Laryngeal Dysphonia)

This voice disorder often causes spasms of the larynx muscles, causing speech impairment.